Maritime activities and human populations located within the Arctic coastal zone place pressure on Arctic biodiversity. Akvaplan-niva is a key provider of services in biodiversity mapping and monitoring with specialized skills and experience in marine and coastal environments.
Our specialists work with key authorities and organisations to improve guidelines, regulations, conservation strategies for the protection of biodiversity.
Documenting changes in biodiversity through surveys is often a requirement of the permitting process for coastal and freshwater development projects. Akvaplan-niva performs coastal marine and freshwater mapping surveys to support the permitting process providing a full analysis of key biodiversity elements and changes over time from pre- to post- project completion. All surveys are performed in accordance with national guidelines presented in Handbook 19-2001 and later revisions to the handbook. These surveys include cataloguing introduced and/or endangered species (red list).
The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) was enacted to protect the biodiversity of the planet. The principles of the convention are set forth by the Norwegian government in position papers on sustainable development (1996-1997) and biodiversity (2000-2001). These principles are implemented through a national biodiversity mapping and monitoring program. Akvaplan-niva supports this program through biodiversity mapping of priority habitats in northern areas. These are kelp forests, eel grass meadows and littoral soft bottom areas.
Relying on our broad experience with environmental monitoring in tropical, temperate and arctic environments, we assist authorities in developing guidelines and regulations for biodiversity monitoring in coastal and freshwater ecosystems. Akvaplan-niva also assists with the development of new assessment techniques, conservation strategies and the harmonization of procedures for international coastal zone management planning.